Tableaux (or ), popular in Victorian times, were stylised poses of actors –stage as opposed to political actors– used to create or recreate scenes from works of art, history, myth or the imagination.
They tended to have a didactic purpose –to bring culture or moral arguments to those that watched– before they became synonymous with nudity and erotic poses after the beginning of the century and died out.
In each tableau the significance of expertise as a source of influence can be questioned.
Where “experts” have influence, it is because of their rather than the content of their expertise.
Thompson’s (1961) argument that managers are inadequately qualified “to control the specialists who work under their control”.
Les données recueillies y sont présentées sous la forme de trois tableaux décrivant trois situations différentes : le fonctionnaire comme expert ; le fonctionnaire comme mobilisateur d’expertise ; le fonctionnaire au service de l’expertise.The domination of the apparatus by the non-expert remains only possible to a limited degree. Weber makes many qualifications to these observations, and we will come back to these later, the basic idea of a conflict between the expert bureaucrat and the inexpert politician has been a staple of subsequent literature on bureaucracy.The idea of the potential conflict between “generalist” politicians and “specialist” bureaucrats had long been discussed in traditional public administration accounts of bureaucracy (Ridley, 1968; Judge, 1981). 204) points to the common belief that hierarchy and specialization are incompatible, exemplified above all in Victor A.For a long time “expertise” has been considered to be the main basis of bureaucratic power in modern democracies.
For Max Weber the expert, trained bureaucrat is indispensable to modern government and this indispensability leads to the “continually growing power position” of the state bureaucracy in modern politics (Weber, 1972, p. “The power position of all bureaucrats rests on knowledge” (Weber, 1972, p. The “specialist trained 1 is superior in technical matters to the minister” (Weber, 1972, p. “There is the continual question: who will govern the bureaucratic apparatus?
Even the currently more fashionable Foucauldian notions of “governmentality” attribute a powerful position to expertise, though the concept appears to refer to broader processes of analysis but still appears to make claims about certain kinds of professionals’ dominance in some areas of state activity.