Fluoridating remineralizing of enamel


18-Mar-2020 03:24

In another preferred embodiment, the composition further comprises a source of fluoride ions and/or a source of carbonate ions.

In yet another embodiment, the present invention is a method for whitening and remineralizing teeth.

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fluoridating remineralizing of enamel-10

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The active ingredients may also be separated in a solid composition (e.g., a powder) or in a stable dispersion comprising a non-aqueous dispersion medium. A tooth whitening and remineralization kit comprising: (a) a calcium-containing composition comprising a soluble calcium salt, and (b) a stabilized peroxide composition comprising a soluble peroxide and a soluble orthophosphate salt. The kit of claim 1, wherein said calcium-containing composition further comprises an agent that catalyzes the break down of peroxide, wherein said agent is a catalytic ion. The kit of claim 1, wherein said calcium-containing composition has an alkaline p H. The kit of claim 3, wherein said calcium-containing composition has a p H from about 8 to about 12. The kit of claim 1, wherein said stabilized peroxide composition has an acidic p H. The kit of claim 5, wherein said stabilized peroxide composition has a p H from about 2 to about 6. The kit of claim 5, further comprising: (c) a p H-control composition having an alkaline p H, wherein said calcium-containing composition, said stabilized peroxide composition, and said p H-control composition, when combined in an aqueous environment, yield a mixture having a p H from about 5 to about 9. A tooth whitening and remineralizing kit comprising: (a) a calcium-containing composition comprising a soluble calcium salt, (b) a stabilized peroxide composition comprising a soluble peroxide and having an acidic p H, and (c) a orthophosphate-containing composition comprising a soluble orthophosphate salt, wherein said calcium-containing composition, said stabilized peroxide composition, and said orthophosphate-containing composition, when combined in an aqueous environment, yield a mixture having a p H from about 5 to about 9. A tooth whitening and remineralizing kit comprising: (a) a p H-control composition having an alkaline p H; (b) a stabilized peroxide composition comprising a soluble peroxide and a soluble orthophosphate salt, wherein said stabilized peroxide composition has an acidic p H, wherein at least one of said p H-control composition and said stabilized phosphate composition comprises a soluble calcium salt. A tooth whitening and remineralizing kit comprising: (a) a p H-control composition having an alkaline p H, and (b) a stabilized peroxide composition comprising a soluble peroxide and a calcium orthophosphate solution, wherein said stabilized peroxide composition has an acidic p H. The kit of claim 10, wherein said p H-control composition is in a gel form that is p H-adjusted with a hydroxide compound or a carbonate compound. The kit of claim 10, wherein said stabilized peroxide composition is in a gel form having said calcium orthophosphate dissolved therein. The kit of claim 1, wherein said soluble calcium salt is selected from the group consisting of: (a) calcium sulfate; (b) calcium chloride; (c) calcium nitrate; (d) calcium acetate; (e) calcium lactate; and (f) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 1, wherein said soluble orthophosphate salt is selected from the group consisting of: (a) a peroxyorthophosphate; (b) monosodium phosphate; (c) disodium phosphate; (d) trisodium phosphate; (e) monopotassium phosphate; (f) dipotassium phosphate; (g) tripotassium phosphate; (h) monoammonium phosphate; (i) diammonium phosphate; (j) triammonium phosphate; (k) monocalcium phosphate monohydrate (MCMP); (l) monocalcium phosphate anhydrate (MCPA); and (m) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 14, wherein said peroxyphosphate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) a peroxymonophosphate; (b) a diperoxymonophosphate; and (c) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 15, wherein said peroxymonophosphate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) monopotassium peroxymonophosphate; (b) dipotassium peroxymonophosphate; (c) tripotassium peroxymonophosphate; (d) monosodium peroxymonophosphate; (e) disodium peroxymonophosphate; (f) trisodium peroxymonophosphate; (g) monoammonium peroxymonophosphate; (h) diammonium peroxymonophosphate; (i) triammonium peroxymonophosphate; and (j) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 15, wherein said diperoxymonophosphate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) monopotassium diperoxymonophosphate; (b) dipotassium diperoxymonophosphate; (c) tripotassium diperoxymonophosphate; (d) monosodium diperoxymonophosphate; (e) disodium diperoxymonophosphate; (f) trisodium diperoxymonophosphate; (g) monoammonium diperoxymonophosphate; (h) diammonium diperoxymonophosphate; (i) triammonium diperoxymonophosphate; and (j) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 1, wherein said soluble peroxide is selected from the group consisting of: (a) hydrogen peroxide; (b) urea peroxide (carbamide); (c) a peroxyphosphate; (d) orthophosphate peroxyhydrate; (e) pyrophosphate peroxyhydrate; (f) triphosphate peroxyhydrate; (g) metaphosphate peroxyhydrate; (h) peroxyborate; (i) peroxycarbonate; (j) peroxysilicate; and (k) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 18, wherein said peroxyphosphate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) a peroxymonophosphate; (b) a peroxydiphosphate; (c) a diperoxymonophosphate; and (d) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 19, wherein said peroxymonophosphate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) monopotassium peroxymonophosphate; (b) dipotassium peroxymonophosphate; (c) tripotassium peroxymonophosphate; (d) monosodium peroxymonophosphate; (e) disodium peroxymonophosphate; (f) trisodium peroxymonophosphate; (g) monoammonium peroxymonophosphate; (h) diammonium peroxymonophosphate; (i) triammonium peroxymonophosphate; and (j) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 19, wherein said peroxydiphosphate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) monopotassium peroxydiphosphate; (b) dipotassium peroxydiphosphate; (c) tripotassium peroxydiphosphate; (d) tetrapotassium peroxydiphosphate; (e) monosodium peroxydiphosphate; (f) disodium peroxydiphosphate; (g) trisodium peroxydiphosphate; (h) tetrasodium peroxydiphosphate; (i) monoammonium peroxydiphosphate; (j) diammonium peroxydiphosphate; (k) triammonium peroxydiphosphate; (l) tetraammonium peroxydiphosphate; and (m) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 19, wherein said diperoxymonophosphate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) monopotassium diperoxymonophosphate; (b) dipotassium diperoxymonophosphate; (c) tripotassium diperoxymonophosphate; (d) monosodium diperoxymonophosphate; (e) disodium diperoxymonophosphate; (f) trisodium diperoxymonophosphate; (g) monoammonium diperoxymonophosphate; (h) diammonium diperoxymonophosphate; (i) triammonium diperoxymonophosphate; and (j) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 18, wherein said orthophosphate peroxyhydrate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) sodium orthophosphate peroxyhydrate; (b) potassium orthophosphate peroxyhydrate; (c) ammonium orthophosphate peroxyhydrate; and (d) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 18, wherein said pyrophosphate peroxyhydrate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) sodium pyrophosphate peroxyhydrate; (b) potassium pyrophosphate peroxyhydrate; (c) ammonium pyrophosphate peroxyhydrate; and (d) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 18, wherein said triphosphate peroxyhydrate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) sodium triphosphate peroxyhydrate; (b) potassium triphosphate peroxyhydrate; (c) ammonium triphosphate peroxyhydrate; and (d) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 18, wherein said metaphosphate peroxyhydrate is selected from the group consisting of: (a) sodium metaphosphate peroxyhydrate; (b) potassium metaphosphate peroxyhydrate; (c) ammonium metaphosphate peroxyhydrate; and (d) combinations thereof. The kit of claim 1, wherein said stabilized peroxide composition further comprises a fluoride ion source. The kit of claim 27, wherein said fluoride ion source is selected from the group consisting of: (a) sodium fluoride; (b) potassium fluoride; (c) sodium monofluorophosphate; (d) sodium hexafluorosilicate; and (e) combinations thereof. The present invention relates to compositions and methods for whitening, mineralizing, and/or fluoridating teeth. Also included in the composition is calcined alumina. The calcium-containing composition comprises a soluble calcium salt.

On the root end of the tooth, these tubules are also sealed by a bony material called cementum. These compositions comprise an acyl group (or functionally similar group) source or precursor and a peroxide source or precursor [e.g., urea peroxide (carbamide), sodium percarbonate, sodium perborate, calcium peroxide, magnesium peroxide, or sodium peroxide], which react in an aqueous environment to generate a peroxyacid (e.g., peroxyacetic acid). In a third embodiment, the present invention is a tooth whitening and remineralizing kit comprising a p H-control composition and a stabilized peroxide composition. The stabilized peroxide composition comprises a soluble peroxide and a soluble orthophosphate salt, wherein the stabilized peroxide composition has an acidic p H.

However, if either the enamel-sealed crown ends or the cementum-sealed root ends of the dentin tubules become exposed, fluid easily travels through the tubules, causing hypersensitivity and/or pain. The compositions have a p H5.2 to avoid solubilizing calcium in the tooth enamel or otherwise demineralizing the tooth. Either or both of these compositions comprises a soluble calcium salt.

5,624,906 describes an oral hygiene composition comprising a heteroatom containing alkyl aldonamide compound (e.g., alkoxymethyl gluconamide). These kits are based on the finding that maintaining the soluble calcium, soluble orthophosphate, and the soluble peroxide components in one or more separate environments prior to use is surprisingly beneficial for optimizing the stability and/or activity of these components.

Kits of the present invention employ a soluble calcium salt, a soluble orthophosphate salt, and a soluble peroxide.In its initial stages, a carious lesion is not readily apparent. See Nathanson, D; “Vital Tooth Bleaching: Sensitivity and Pulpal Considerations,” JADA, 128 (April 1997). As stated above, the generation of the free perhydroxyl anion/radical (released upon break down of peroxide) is necessary in order to activate peroxide for tooth whitening.



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